Lockdown 4.0 -Nationwide lockdown extended with relaxations and guidelines. The new guidelines are based on inputs from states that Prime Minister Narendra Modi had received during his discussion with CMs.
Modi extended lockdown till May 31. The lockdown 4.0 will commence from May 18 and the fourth phase has considerable relaxations and improved guidelines. There is relaxation for inter-state transport movements. States and union territories can decide on whether to run buses or not within the states.
- Details of the lockdown 4.0 are as given below;
Activities prohibited through the country;
- All domestic and international air travel of passengers, except for domestic medical services, domestic air ambulance and for security purposes or purposes as permitted by MHA.
- Metro rail services
- Running of schools, colleges, educational and training/coaching institutions
- Hotels, restaurants, and other hospitality services, except for the running of canteens in the bus depots, railway stations, and airports; places of large public gatherings such as cinemas, shopping malls, gymnasium entertainment parks, etc.; social, political, cultural and similar gatherings and other large congregation; and, access to religious places/places of worship for the public.
However, online/distance learning shall be permitted and encouraged; and, restaurants will be allowed to operate kitchens for home delivery of food items.
Departure from the past; what states can do
- under the new guidelines, states and union territories (UTs) will now categorize Red, Green, and Orange zones taking into consideration the parameters shared by the Health Ministry. So now one will have to wait for each state to decide and declare their guidelines and norms around this.
- The zones can be a district, or a municipal corporation/municipality or even smaller administrative units such as sub-divisions, etc, as decided by States and UTs.
- Inside the red/ orange zones, containment and buffer zones will be identified by the district administration/ local urban bodies with technical inputs at the local level and by taking into consideration the Health Ministry guidelines.
- Within the containment zones, strict perimeter control shall be maintained, and no movement of persons would be allowed, except for medical emergencies and for maintaining the supply of essential goods and services. Buffer zones are areas around each containment zone, where new cases are more likely to appear. In the buffer zones, more caution needs to be exercised.
Activities permitted with restrictions
- Evacuation of foreign nationals from India, the return of stranded Indian nationals from abroad, sign-on and sign-off of Indian seafarers, and intra-state and inter-state movement of stranded persons by bus and train, will continue to be allowed.
- Inter-state movement of vehicles and buses has also been allowed with the mutual consent of the concerned States/ UTs. Intra-State movement of vehicles and buses can be decided by the States and UTs.
Rules regarding shops and markets
- Local authorities should ensure that shops and markets open with staggered timing so as to ensure social distancing. All shops shall also have to ensure six feet distance (2 gas ki doori) among customers and also not allow more than 5 persons one time.
- Night curfew shall continue to remain in force on the movement of individuals, for all non-essential activities, between 7 pm and 7 am.
Protection for vulnerable persons
- Vulnerable persons, i.e., persons above 64 years of age, persons with co-morbidities, pregnant women, and children below the age of 10 years, shall stay at home, except for meeting essential requirements and for health purposes.
- All activities to be permitted except those which are specifically prohibited.
- All other activities will be permitted except those which are specifically prohibited under these guidelines. However, in containment zones, only essential activities shall be allowed, as mentioned earlier.
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